Under standard biological classification systems, several marine and aquatic organisms are known as bass species. Bass species are of 9 types – largemouth bass, spotted bass, Guadalupe bass, Alabama bass, redeye bass, shoal bass, Suwannee bass, Florida bass, and spotted bass. Some bass species are considered the most prized catches for anglers. However, it is difficult to identify these species in water. In this article, we shall share some professional bass fishing tips and techniques. Moreover, we will also provide comprehensive information about bass species that will be helpful during fishing.
Popular Bass Species
Anglers require different fishing techniques for different types of bass species. Therefore, you should research the type of bass that you are about to catch. Moreover, you will find different bass species in different parts of the world. Therefore, to understand your catch, you need enough information to differentiate between different types of bass species.
Among all the bass species, the Largemouth Bass and Smallmouth Bass are the most popular choice for anglers. Many sports anglers prefer catching these two types of fish for a thrilling experience. This is because they are strong and speedy.
Therefore, let us look at the common features of the Largemouth Bass and Smallmouth Bass, and where you can expect to find them.
1. Largemouth Bass
Apart from being the most popular game fish in the world, the Largemouth Bass also has great commercial value. Since Largemouth fish have special markings and distinguishing features, it is easy to recognize them. The body of the Largemouth fish has a characteristic black stripe across it. Moreover, Largemouth fish are known for their silvery sides and green colored top. These fish have huge jaws up to their eye level.
The Largemouth fish has a peculiar dorsal fin. While the posterior aspect of the fin has soft rays, the anterior aspect has sturdy spines all over it. Moreover, as the name suggests, the fish is quite bulky and can weigh up to 20 pounds. It is therefore a prized catch for most fishermen and anglers.
We generally find Largemouth fish in fresh and brackish waters. Commonly, anglers catch these fish from the Mississippi River basin, Hudson Bay, and the St. Lawrence area. One can also find them in the rivers of North Carolina and North Mexico. Moreover, with professional angling becoming a popular sport, State governments are designating fishing spots where you can find and catch Largemouth fish easily.
2. Smallmouth Bass
The Smallmouth bass is also a very popular game fish in North America. It is ideal for casual fishing because it is not as fierce as the Largemouth fish. Moreover, it is smaller in size and easily found in all temperate zones in the United States. There have also been several reports of the illegal introduction and stocking of the Smallmouth Bass in cold water rivers all across the US.
The Smallmouth Bass has a big upper jaw, extending till the mid-eye level. It has a dark brown vertical stripe on the body. The Smallmouth fish generally have red eyes. The fish has a typical brown body color, and may sometimes appear black or green as well. Unlike the largemouth bass, these fish only have soft rays on the dorsal fin.
The most fascinating thing about the Smallmouth Bass is that its body color can vary according to environmental conditions. The variations in diet and water quality can cause a change in their body hue and coloration.
The Smallmouth bass is not as widely distributed as the Largemouth bass. One can find the Smallmouth fish in States like Oklahoma, Minnesota, and Alabama. While you require perfect technique and the best fishing baits to catch the Largemouth fish, catching the Smallmouth bass is easier. Even beginners can catch the Smallmouth bass with the right fishing rig. You can easily use a light spinning tackle technique, and catch the Smallmouth bass without much effort.
Searching For Bass
If you are patient, you can find bass species in any freshwater river or lake. You need to find these fish in areas with thick aquatic plant vegetation, where schools of small fish are swimming. If you know fly fishing, you can also scout under the rock ledges to find bass species.
Techniques For Bass Fishing
You should make use of live baits to attract the bass species. You can use nightcrawlers, minnows, jigs, etc. for this purpose. Some expert anglers suggest taking a few different types of live and artificial baits. Also search for some attractive bass lures in the market. This is because artificial baits work better in catching some types of bass species.
To catch bass fish, you should go fishing early in the morning or late in the evening. Moreover, warmer months like May and June are the best for catching these species.
Sometimes it can be a good idea to go fishing in rough waters. The pressure created before a tide or a storm gets the bass fish agitated. As a result, they swim faster and become easier to spot and identify.
You should always cast the fishing rig in the direction of the wind. However, it may reduce the distance to which you can cast. Still, it is the best way to catch bass fish because bass fish always swim in the direction of water currents.
Consider using a crankbait with a red hook, or a spinnerbait with a pink or red head because bass fish are attracted to the color red.
If you want to catch a Largemouth Bass fish, always use sturdy mono fishing lines. This is because these fishing lines are sturdy and can easily bear the weight of the fish.
You should always remember that bass fishing requires a lot of patience. The bass fish are called ornery fish because they do not come near the surface until you tap for a long time. These fish will never come for the bait instantly. Therefore, you need to hang in there for a long duration until you catch one. So, these were some expert bass fishing tips and techniques. If you look in the right places and keep trying, you can catch several bass fish together.