How To Cast A Fishing Rod

You enjoy fishing, but at times, it can be frustrating when you fail to catch as many fish as you want. The problem could be your casting technique as many newbies don’t realize the importance of a proper casting technique. 

When you learn how to cast a fishing rod accurately, you will be able to attract more fish to your line. This article will guide you through the basic techniques of casting a fishing rod, so you can make a better cast the next time you go fishing.

Casting A Fishing Rod

There are many techniques of casting a fishing rod. There is the spin casting, bait casting, overhead cast technique, sidearm cast, drop cast, etc.

The casting technique you use will depend on several factors, such as your fishing technique (fly fishing or spin fishing), the type of fish you are catching, the type of bait you are using and the equipment you have (for example, you may have a spinning reel or a baitcaster reel).

Your equipment, ie., your rod and reel, will dictate the technique you use to cast your line. With a good-quality rod-and-reel set and the right technique, you will be able to significantly improve your casting, making your fishing trips much more successful.

As beginners, it is important to familiarize yourself with the various components of your fishing rod and reel, so that you can confidently send your line flying every time.

To an inexperienced angler, casting involves two simple steps, swinging the rod back over your head, and then accelerating it forward to throw the bait towards the target.

However, the truth is casting involves many more intricacies and tiny movements than what meets the eye.

Casting With A Spinning Reel

For beginners, spincasting reels are ideal tools. They are especially popular among newbies for their relatively low cost and easy maintenance.

When learning how to cast a fishing rod, the spin casting technique is often the easiest to master. The spin casting technique can be used for both light and heavy lures, without the worry of breaking your line. When using this technique you need to keep the following steps in mind

  1. Hold the rod at about the waist level, grasping it in such a way that the reel lies below the rod. The bait should be hanging about 10 to 18 inches below the tip of the rod.
  2. Now, hook the line with your index finger. Open the bail, as you continue to hold the line with your finger.
  3. Pull the rod tip back up so that it sweeps over your dominant side. Then you need to swiftly bring your rod back forward, while pointing at the target.
  4. As the rod comes forward, you will need to release the line with your finger. This will allow the weight of the bait or lure to pull your line off the reel. Timing is the key in this step. Releasing the line at the right time, depending on the distance of your target, will decide the success of your cast.
  5. Once you have cast your line successfully, close the bail and you’re now ready to reel in some fish.

Casting With A Baitcaster Reel

Casting with a baitcaster reel is a skill that takes some time and practice to acquire. However, once you get a hang of the technique, you will be accurately casting your baits right on the target.

The baitcasting technique relies on the weight of the lure to extend the line towards the target area. This technique is preferable for heavier baits or lures. To use the baitcasting technique follow these steps:

  1. Hold your rod at the waist level, with the reel facing upwards and the lure hanging about 8 to 10 inches below the tip of the rod.
  2. Push the button to put the reel in free spool. To prevent the spool from sliding and unwinding, hold your thumb against the spool.
  3. Pull the rod back, so it sweeps over your dominant side. Then like spincasting, you need to bring your rod swiftly back down, while pointing at the target.
  4. When the rod comes forward, over your shoulder, you need to release your thumb off the spool, allowing the weight of the bait to pull the line off the reel.
  5. When your bait lands at the desired target, place your thumb back on the spool.
  6. You need to reel in once or twice to engage the anti reverse and you’re now ready to fish.

The Overhead Casting Technique

If you want to give fly fishing a shot, you need to learn the overhead casting technique. This technique is commonly considered as the basic fly casting technique, and is the easiest one to master.

It is a great technique that you see even experienced anglers keeping in their arsenals. The overhead casting technique involves the following steps.

  1. Hold the rod in your dominant hand, with the stem of the reel comfortably placed between your fingers. The bait should be about 12 to 24 inches below the tip of your rod.
  2. Now draw the tip of your rod back over your head swiftly.
  3. Pause, just long enough, so that your line extends and straightens out behind you.
  4. Once the line straightens out, you need to flick your rod forward quickly and towards your target area.
  5. Lower the tip of your rod, allowing your fly (lure) to gently touch the surface of the water. Now all you need to do is wait till a fish grabs your lure.

Casting a fishing rod requires a firm grasp of the technique, and a lot of practice. It can be discouraging at times, when you can’t get your casting technique right with a few tries.

However, practice is the key here, and before hitting the waters, I suggest you practice on dry lands to get a hang of the motion and movements required to cast. Remember that for a good cast, timing is crucial.

With enough practice and experience, you will be able to cast your line into the perfect area each and every time.