Simple Guide to Learn How to Set Up Fishing Rod

This post has affiliate links. At no cost to you, we earn a commision for puchases made through links in this post. Read more

For most people, fishing is the best recreational activity. The fun of fishing lies in the setup and activities that it involves and not in the number of fish caught in a day. You don’t need to be a professional to start fishing. However, even for recreational purposes, you need to select the right equipment. In this article, let’s learn how to set up fishing rod.

A fishing rod should have good power, length, and action. While using the fishing rod, the right combination of these three elements provides better control and precision. 

How To Set Up Fishing Rod

1. Tie The Fishing Knot

First, learn how to tie a knot before you learn how to set up fishing pole completely. Most people who go fishing have a limited idea of the types of fishing knots. During fishing, different situations require different kinds of knots. So, you should know how to tie multiple fishing knots on a rod. 

Tying a knot on a fishing rod involves connecting the fishing hooks with the sinkers. You can do this in multiple ways. People across the world follow different ways to tie the knot. You need not learn a dozen methods, only a few will do.

Although these fishing knots are simple to learn, they require a lot of practice. Follow the simple steps and keep practicing them until you can tie all types of knots perfectly, without any help. 

The following are the most popular types of fishing knots.

  • Clinch Knot

One of the most common knots used by anglers is the Clinch Knot. The clinch knot is popularly known as the Salmon Knot. 

A clinch knot helps in tying the fishing line with a clip or a swivel on the fishing rod. It is a hitch knot that is used for fly fishing and trapping. The reason why anglers use the clinch knot frequently is that it is easy to tie and does not require much time.

Follow these instructions to tie a clinch knot.

  • Put the fishing line through the hook of the rod. 
  • Now, double-back the tag end of the rod parallel to the standing end. Hold the two ends of the fishing line between the thumb and index finger of your right hand. 
  • After pinching the two lines together, insert the index finger of your left hand between the thumb and index finger of the right hand and start twisting the lines. Do it seven times.
  • After twisting, put the tag end of the fishing line through an opening present behind the hook of the rod. 
  • Once the tag end of the fishing line comes out through this opening, moisten the line with some water and then pull the knot to make it tight. 

The improved clinch knot is a popular modification of the clinch knot. Anglers who use fly fishing rods use the improved clinch knot. 

  • Blood Knot

A blood knot is a bent knot that connects two fishing lines without losing their inherent strengths. A blood knot has five to seven twists in the fishing line on either side. The twists increase the strength of the knot. 

Steps to tie a blood knot.

  • After overlapping the ends of the two fishing lines, twist them against each other for five to seven times. Then take the tag end of the fishing rod and bring it between the two lines. 
  • Do the same for the opposite ends of the lines. Ensure that both sides have the same number of turns. 
  • Start pulling the fishing lines in opposite directions. The turns on both sides of the lines should come closer and wrap against each other. When the knot is complete, clip the ends near the knot. 

Generally, a series of blood knots are tied together for joining line segments that are 20-24 inches long. 

When you need to join fishing lines that are long and have unequal diameters, then you can alternatively use a surgeon’s knot. Although similar to a blood knot, a surgeon’s knot is stronger and less cumbersome to tie. 

2. Choose A Fishing Rig

A fishing rig is a combination of hooks and swivels, respectively. Several varieties of fishing rigs are available in the market today. Fishing rigs can have pulleys, clip downs, droppers, etc. Choosing a suitable fishing rig according to the environment is a crucial step in setting up a fishing rod. The making of a fishing rig is more than just a hook joined with a sinker. 

The existence of such variety in fishing rigs is essential because different people have different approaches to fishing.  Thus, there is no ideal fishing rig for a particular scenario. Ensure that you hold and check the fishing rig before buying. Take a feel of the rig to know whether the weight, size, grip, etc are suitable. 

A running sinker rig is the most popular type of fishing rig. It is useful for catching several kinds of fish in both sea and ocean water. You can catch fish of varying sizes with a running sinker like- flathead, golden perch, snapper, trout, bream, etc.

3. Choose A Sinker

Sinkers are an essential component of the fishing rod. Sinkers are put underwater and the bait hangs on them. The sinker is moved underwater to attract the fish. Once the fish comes near the sinker for the bait, the fishermen initiate trapping. 

The shape of a sinker determines its behavior underwater. Sinkers are available in the following shapes:

  • Pyramid Sinkers

The pyramidal shape of the sinker helps it to submerge quickly. It sinks to the bottom and firmly digs into the sand. 

  • Diamond Sinkers

A diamond sinker is the best fit when it comes to casual fishing. It can bounce over rocks and move easily underwater. 

  • Rubber Sinkers

Rubber Sinkers are lightweight sinkers that do not damage the fishing line. You can add and remove the rubber sinkers easily. 

Note- If you are planning to fish in still water, then use a lightweight sinker. If the water currents are high, use a heavy sinker instead that can travel to the bottom in a jiffy, and does not get deflected by the water. 


Finding a fishing line setup that provides ample opportunity to catch fish is crucial. Even if you arrange all the basics of a fishing rod, practicing is important. If you do not use the rod after assembling it, you will never know if it is suitable for you or not. Try fishing at setups where you can find different species. 

Follow this guide to learn how to set up fishing rod. Start talking to the local fishermen to know which type of rigs or sinkers work well in your area. Enjoy your time while you learn how to fish. Using the right combination of hooks, sinkers, and swivels with plenty of patience is the key to successful fishing.

The following two tabs change content below.

Donald Patt

Donald Platt, our founder, is a fishing enthusiast who has almost 10 years of experience in fly fishing. While Donald works hard to put up the most informative articles, he still keeps his Sundays free for a quick fishing trip.

Latest posts by Donald Patt (see all)