Trout fishing is second only to bass fishing in North America. There are many reasons why you may consider taking up trout fishing as a hobby. It allows you to get in touch with Nature. It gives you a sense of freedom and allows you to connect with your friends and family. On the practical side of things, trout offers one of the most nutritious natural sources of food, that is actually quite delicious.
Whatever your reason maybe, if you’re planning to go on a trout fishing expedition next weekend, we are here to help you with some trout fishing tips, to make sure your trip is a success.
A Brief Guide on Trout
Before you go fishing for trout, it is a wise idea to get to know more about the fish itself. Understanding the nature and behavior of trout can increase your chances of catching one.
Trout is a common name given to a wide range of freshwater fish species that are closely related to salmon. There are several species of trout found on the North American continent; some of them are the Rainbow trout, Redband Rainbow trout, Brown trout, Cutthroat trout and Brook trout. Brown trout are known to be elusive and evasive and are much harder to catch compared to other species of trout.
Trout can be found in still waters, such as lakes and ponds as well as in moving waters such as rivers and streams. The behavior of the fish will vary depending on the species of fish you’re trying to catch and their habitat. Hence, you will need to adapt your fishing tactics depending on whether you’re fishing on still water or moving water.
Where and When to Look for Trout
Trout are some of the most widely distributed species of fish, and can be found in almost any water body that provides cool, clean water with plenty of food such as aquatic insects, minnows and crawfish. Trout are also likely to stay close to cover such as rocks to protect themselves from predators.
1. Finding Trout in Stillwater
In still waters such as lakes and ponds, trout are always on the move, cruising to find their prey. Despite moving around they try not to get too far away from the cover that offers them protection from predators. When looking for trout in still waters, lookout for areas near and above aquatic vegetation. Also, rocks, stumps and other such areas are likely to harbor trout.
During summers, trout are likely to be found in deeper waters as they search for cooler water and overhead protection from predators.
The spring and fall are the best times of the year for anglers looking to catch some trout. This is because the water is cooler and trout are most active during these seasons.
2. Finding Trout in Running Waters
In rivers and streams, trout tend to stay in one place and wait for the water current to bring prey towards them. A primary source of food for trout in rivers are aquatic insects that are adrift in the water current. In addition to searching for food and protection, trout in flowing water are also looking for a place to rest from the current. Likely places to look for trout in rivers and streams include behind rocks and other structures, and near steep or undercut banks. Trout are also often found in deeper, slower pools of water that provide them with relief from the current.
Trout Fishing Gear
Trout fishing gear and equipment is easy to procure and inexpensive. Firstly, you will need a lightweight trout fishing rod; a good rod is flexible enough so it can bend while playing the fish but is also durable enough so that it doesn’t break under its weight. The rod should be around 6 to 7 feet in length. Use a 4 to 6 pound monofilament line for the reel. You will also need bobbers, hooks, bait and lures, all of which can be easily procured from your local tackle shop.
Fly fishing is another popular technique for fishing trout. However, fly fishing requires specialized tools and is a more technical form of fishing. If you’re a beginner, it is best to stick to spin fishing for the best results.
A few Trout Fishing Tips for Beginners
These trout fishing tips should come in handy when you begin your foray into trout fishing. With some practice you’ll be making big catches in no time.
1. Looking For Trout
Once you find yourself a nice fishing spot, take your time to look out for trout activity under the waters. Being observant is a key quality of a good angler. If the water is clear you may be able to see the fish clearly, if not look for fish rising to the surface to feed on insects. If the water is clear, when you lower the bait, you will be able to see how the trout react to it. Survey the banks to observe the behavior of the fish.
However, remember that in clear waters fish can spot you too. Fish have excellent vision and hence try to be as stealthy and quiet as possible when lowering your bait. Trout are wary fish and a hasty approach can jeopardize your chances of catching one. So always remain as discrete as possible and try maintaining a low profile.
2. Choosing Your Bait
The bait you use plays a very important role in how successful you will be in grabbing the attention of the fishes. There are several types of baits and lures you can use from artificial lures to live bait. Choosing the right bait is crucial. Larger species won’t be interested in fly imitations; try using live worms or smaller fishes as a bait to grab their attention. If you’re using artificial lures try different colors to see which one attracts the fish the most.
3. Check out the Local Fishing Maps
If you’re struggling to find any fishing success, try finding fishing maps of your area or contact the local tackle shop. These people can help you find areas where you will have the highest chance of catching fish. As a beginner you will want to find areas that are highly populated with trout to improve your odds.
Trout fishing is quite an addictive activity. For many people it is their favorite hobby. Trout are wary fish and often put up a fierce fight, hence many anglers love the challenge of catching trout. When caught, trout are also one of the tastiest fishes to eat, which further adds to the appeal of trout fishing. When fishing for trout, knowledge is the key, when you familiarize yourself with everything–from trout behaviour to the baits to use–you will have a great day on the water and a tasty meal on the dinner table.