When it comes to fishing, the key to making that prized catch is to create a solid line setup that provides the right balance between control, visibility, and stability. Once you’ve gathered your fishing equipment, understanding how to use each element so that they work synergistically is crucial.
In this article, we will discuss what are the various types of fishing rigs and also learn how to rig a fishing pole.
What Is A Fishing Rig?
A fishing rig is a combination of hooks, swivels, sinkers, bobbers and snaps that you can add on your fishing line. A tackle box can help keep all your fishing equipment organized so that you don’t need to go on a hunt to find your hooks and swivels when you actually need them.
An essential part of learning how to fish is working on how to rig a fishing pole.
There are several types of rigs and each type may have a different purpose. For example, certain rigs such as bass rigs and flounder rigs work especially well for these specific species of fish. However, you can also build rigs that work well for multiple species of fish.
The fishing environment will also dictate what type of rig you will use. For example, you may want to use a different rig setup when you’re at the ocean as compared to the one you use in lakes and ponds.
Learning which rig to use based on the environment and conditions is crucial to becoming a better angler. Whichever method you decide to use there are two things to keep in mind- a better understanding of the type of tackle you’re using and learning how to use a well tied knot to keep everything in place.
Creating Your Own Fishing Rigs
Before you start out, it is important to remember, just because you can add a lot of things to your fishing line, doesn’t mean that you should be making your fishing rig complicated. At the end of the day, a simple design that is efficient at achieving your fishing goals is all you need when planning your set-up. Most standard rig designs are tried and tested, and work extremely well with specific fishing techniques.
1. The Basic Bobber Rig
This is the perfect setup for novice anglers who are trying their hand at fishing in still waters. This is a very simple set-up that will let you know when a fish is biting at your bait. The rig can be used when fishing for perch, panfish and other small freshwater species. To make a basic bobber rig, follow these steps-
- Using an improved clinch knot, attach your hook to the end of your fishing line
- Add one or two split shot sinkers to your line about 6 to 12 inches from your hook. These will help keep your bait suspended vertically in the water. Add more sinkers if necessary based on the strength of the current.
- Finally, clip a bobber to the rig at least 3 to 4 feet above the hook. The placement of the bobber will depend on the depth of the water. However, remember not to place it too high or else it will be difficult to cast.
2. The Sliding Sinker Rig
This rig is great for anglers trying their hand at bottom fishing. This rig is also known as the Carolina rig or The fish finder rig. This rig is popular and versatile and can be used from the shore as well as while drifting in a boat. These rigs can be used for fishing catfish, flounder, trout and even striped bass. To make a sliding sinker rig, follow the steps given below-
- You need to start by threading your main line through the hole in an egg sinker.
- You then need to tie a swivel at the end of your main line, using a knot of your choice. This will stop the sinker from falling off the line.
- Now attach a 6 to 12 inch piece of leader to the swivel.
- At the end of your leader add your hook along with your preferred hair or lure.
3. The Popping Cork Fishing Rig
The popping cork fishing rig preys on the fish’s keen sense of sound by employing a piece of terminal tackle called a popping cork. A popping cork can be acquired at most tackle shops. It is made up of a piece of wire threaded through a cork-float coupled with some metal or plastic beads. These rigs are great for fishing redfish and speckled trouts. To create your own popping cork fishing rig, follow these steps-
- Using a loop knot tie your popping for to the end of the main fishing line.
- You now need to attach a leader to the other end of the wire extending from the popping cork. The leader needs to be a minimum of 3 to 4 feet long.
- A quick snap of the rod tip can make the cork pop due to the beads present inside. These sounds will often attract fish towards your bait. The rig works great in areas where shrimp and baitfish are active on the surface.
4. The 3-Way Fishing Rig
These rigs are great for fishing catfish and are also frequently used in surf fishing as well. The Rig uses a three way swivel to keep your bait off the bottom. To create a 3-way fishing rig, follow the steps given below-
- You need to start by attaching your three way swivel to the main line.
- Next, you need to attach a short piece of leader to one of your swivel eyes using a clinch knot.
- Then, tie a longer piece of fishing line to the next eye of a swivel.
- To the shorter piece of leader, add a sinker. Pyramid sinkers work best for these types of rigs.
- To the longer piece of fishing line, you need to add your hook and lure.
When it is time to arm your fishing pole for action, you need to keep in mind the type of fish you are looking to catch.
For example, catfish usually search for food and prey at the bottom, so you need to add weight to your rig to keep the bait near the fish. Other fishes such as crappies and panfish usually swim a few feet below the surface and therefore a bobber will help keep your bait up near the surface, where the fish can see it.
Hence, the key to creating a good fishing rig is understanding the behavior of the fish you are hunting for and in-depth knowledge of the tackle you have at hand.